Portuguese - (1505 - 1658)

Portuguese Ceylon (Portuguese: Ceilão Português) was a Portuguese territory in present-day Sri Lanka, representing a period in Sri Lankan history from 1505–1658. The Portuguese first encountered the Ceylonese kingdom of Kotte, with whom they signed a treaty. Portuguese Ceylon was established through the occupation of Kotte and the conquest of surrounding Sinhalese kingdoms. In 1565 the capital of Portuguese Ceylon was moved from Kotte to Colombo. Christianization attempts by the Portuguese furthered friction with the Sinhalese people. Eventually, the Ceylonese sought help from the Dutch Empire in their struggle for liberation. The Dutch Empire initially entered into agreement with the Kingdom of Kandy. After the collapse of the Iberian economy in 1627, and the breakup of Spain as a united kingdom after the secession of Portugal in 1640, the Dutch-Portuguese War saw the Dutch conquest of Portugal's Asiatic colonies. Eventually, Portugal's Ceylonese territories were ceded to the Netherlands. Nevertheless, there remain elements of Portuguese culture in Sri Lanka today from this colonial period.

RULERS
Portuguese Captain
1. Joao da Silveira1518 - 1518
2. Lopo de Brito1518 - 1522
3. Fernao Gomes de Lemos1522 - 1524
4. No Information available1524 - 1551
Portuguese Captain Majors
1. Joao Henriques1551 - 1552
2. Diogo de Melo Coutinho1552 - 1552
3. Duarte de Eca1552 - 1553
4. Fernao Carvalho1553 - 1555
5. Afonso Pereira de Lacerda1555 - 1559
6. Jorge de Meneses Baroche1559 - 1560
7. Baltasar Guedes de Sousa1560 - 1564
8. Pedro de Ataide Inferno1564 - 1565
9. Diogo de Melo 1565 - 1568
10. Fernando de Monroy1568 - 1570
11. Diogo de Melo Coutinho1570 - 1572
12. Antonio de Noronha1572 - 1575
13. Fernando de Albuquerque1575 - 1578
14. Manuel de Sousa Coutinho1578 - 1583
15. Joao de Correia de Brito1583 - 1590
16. Simao de Brito1590 - 1591
17. Pedro Homem Pereira1591 - 1593
Portuguese Governors
1. Pedro Lopes de Sousa1593 - 1594
2. Dom Jeronimo de Azevedo1594 - 1613
3. Francisco de Meneses1613 - 1614
4. Manuel Mascarenhas Homem1614 - 1616
5. Nuno Alvares Pereira1616 - 1618
6. Constantino de Sa de Noronha1618 - 1622
7. Jorge de Albuquerque1622 - 1623
8. Constantino de Sa de Noronha1623 - 1630
9. Filipe Mascarenhas1630 - 1631
10. Jorge de Almeida1631 - 1633
11. Diogo de Melo de Castro1633 - 1635
12. Jorge de Almeida1635 - 1636
13. Diogo de Melo de Castro1636 - 1638
14. Antonio Mascarenhas1638 - 1640
15. Filipe Mascarenhas1640 - 1645
16. Manuel Mascarenhas Homem1645 - 1653
17. Francisco de Mello e Castro1653 - 1655
18. Antonio de Sousa Coutinho1655 - 1656
19. Antonio de Amaral de Meneses1656 - 1658
WORKS
Arrived in the Kingdom of Kotte
PHOTO GALLERY